Bishop Carl in miter and vestmentsCARL GREGORY PURVENAS-SMITH was consecrated ad cautelam to transmit the Duarte-Costa succession on December 15, 1997 by Raymond Francis Kelly, Diocesan Bishop, Diocese of Fairfax of the Catholic Apostolic Church in North America assisted by Joseph Hladney, Diocesan Bishop, Diocese of Florida of the Catholic Apostolic Church in North America and Michel Joseph Pugin, Coadjutor Bishop, Diocese of Florida of the Catholic Apostolic Church in North America; having been previously consecrated on November 29, 1994 by Thomas Owen Sargent of the Free Catholic Free Catholic Church and the Old Catholic Church, assisted by John Noel Murray of the Free Catholic Church, Thomas C. Clary, of the Free Catholic Church International, and Judith Carolyn Catherine Adams of Friends Catholic Communion.

RAYMOND FRANCIS KELLY was consecrated Bishop in the Catholic Apostolic Church in North America on February 17, 1996 in the Parish of the Holy Trinity, by Donald J. Buttenbusch, Diocesan Bishop of the Diocese of Philadelphia and Primate of the Catholic Apostolic Church in North America; assisted by Michel J. Pugin, Diocesan Bishop of Outaouis, and Primate of the Catholic Apostolic Church of Canada, Joseph Hladney, Diocesan Bishop of Florida of the Catholic Apostolic Church in North America, Willard Schultz, Diocesan Bishop of the Diocese of New York of the Catholic Apostolic Church in North America and Carl G. Purvenas-Smith, Diocesan Bishop, Diocese of the Washington, DC, of the Free Catholic Church International and Friends Catholic Communion.

DONALD JEREMIAH BUTTENBUSCH was consecrated Diocesan Bishop of the Diocese of Philadelphia of the Catholic Apostolic Church in North America on September 22, 1990 by Justo Roque Gonzalez Trininio, Diocesan Bishop, Diocese of New York and Primate of the Catholic Apostolic Church in North America; assisted by Jose Juan Villegas, Auxiliary Bishop of the Diocese of New York of the Catholic Apostolic Church in North America and President of the College of Bishops of the Catholic Apostolic Church in North America, and others.

JUSTO ROQUE GONZALEZ TRININIO was consecrated ad cautelam to provide/assure the Duarte-Costa succession on March 10, 1989 by Luis Castillo Mendez, Bishop of the Catholic Apostolic Church of Brazil; having been previously consecrated on June 26, 1983 by Francis Jerome Joachim Ladd, Archbishop of Albuquerque and Primate of the Catholic Apostolic Church in North America assisted by Martin J. Hill of the Western Orthodox Church in America and others.

LUIS CASTILLO MENDEZ was consecrated Bishop of the Catholic Apostolic Church of Brazil on May 3, 1948 by Carlos Duarte-Costa, Primate and founding bishop of the Catholic Apostolic Church of Brazil.

CARLOS DUARTE-COSTA was consecrated Titular Bishop of Maura and Diocesan Bishop of Botucatu, Sao Paulo, Brazil of the Roman Catholic Church on December 8, 1924 by Sebastiao Leme de Silveira Cintra Titular Bishop of Orthosia who was also later, Cardinal and Archbishop of Rio de Janeiro. Duarte-Costa established the Catholic Apostolic Church of Brazil July 6, 1945 subsequent to his expulsion from the Roman Catholic Church by Pius PP XII. (The remaining succession is shared with the Roman Catholic Chuch.)

SEBASTIAO LEME DE SILVEIRA CINTRA was consecrated Titular Bishop of Orthosia on June 4, 1911 by Joaquin de Albuquerque-Calvacanti, Bishop of Goia; and was later named Cardinal and Archbishop of Rio de Janeiro.

JOAQUIN DE ALBUQUERQUE-CALVACANTI was consecrated Bishop of Goia on October 26, 1890 by Mariano Rampolla Marchese del Tindaro, Titular Archbishop of Heraclea; and was later named Cardinal in 1905.

MARIANO RAMPOLLA MARCHESE DEL TINDARO was consecrated Titular Archbishop of Heraclea on December 8, 1882 by Edward Howard, Titular Archbishop of Neocaesarea and Auxiliary Bishop of Frascati ; and later named Cardinal in 1887.

EDWARD HOWARD was consecrated Titular Archbishop of Neocaesarea and Auxiliary Bishop of Frascati on June 30, 1872 by Charles Sacconi, Titular Archbishop of Nicaea; and was later named Cardinal.

CHARLES SACCONI was consecrated Titular Archbishop of Nicaea on June 8, 1851 by James Phillip Fransoni, Archbishop of Nazianzus; and was later named Cardinal.

JAMES PHILLIP FRANSONI was consecrated Archbishop of Nazianzus on December 8, 1822 by Peter Francis Galetti, Titular Archbishop of Damascus; and was later named Cardinal.

PETER FRANCIS GALETTI was consecrated Titular Archbishop of Damascus on September 12, 1819 by Alexander Matthaeus, Archbishop of Ferrara; and was later named Cardinal.

ALEXANDER MATTHAEUS was consecrated Archbishop of Ferrara on February 23, 1777 by Bernadinus Giraud, Titular Archbishop of Damascus; and was later named Cardinal.

BERNADINUS GIRAUD was consecrated Titular Archbishop of Damascus on April 26, 1767 by Carlo Rezzonico, Cardinal Bishop of Padova; and later named Cardinal.

CARLO REZZONICO, Cardinal Bishop of Padova, the future Pope Clement XIII was consecrated 19 March 1743 in the Basilica of the Twelve Holy Apostles, Rome, by His Holiness Pope Benedict XIV, assisted by Giuseppe Cardinal Accoramboni, Bishop of Frascati and Antonio Saverio Cardinal Gentili.

PROSPERO LAMBERTINI, Titular Archbishop of Theodosia, the future Pope Benedict XIV was consecrated 16 July 1724 in the Pauline Chapel of the Apostolic Palace of the Quirinal, Rome, by His Holiness Pope Benedict XIII, assisted by Giovanni Francesco Nicolai, O.F.M.Ref., Titular Archbishop of Myra and Nicola Maria Lercari, Titular Archbishop of Nazianzus.

VINCENZO MARIA ORSINI, O.P., Cardinal Archbishop of Manfredonia, the future Pope Benedict XIII was consecrated 3 February 1675 in the Church of SS. Domenico e Sisto, Rome, by Paluzzo (Paluzzo degli Albertoni) Cardinal Altieri, Prefect of the Sacred Congregation de Propaganda Fide, assisted by Stefano Brancaccio, Archbishop-Bishop of Viterbo e Tuscania and Costanzo Zani, O.S.B., Bishop of Imola.

PALUZZO (PALUZZI degli ALBERTONI) ALTIERI, Cardinal Bishop of Montefiascone e Corneto was consecrated 2 May 1666 in the Church of San Silvestro in Capite, Rome, by Ulderico Cardinal Carpegna, assisted by Stefano Ugolini, Titular Archbishop of Corinth and Giovanni Tommaso Pinelli, Bishop of Albenga.

ULDERICO CARPEGNA, Bishop of Gubbio was consecrated 7 October 1630 in the Pauline Chapel of the Apostolic Palace of the Quirinal, Rome, by Luigi Cardinal Caetani, assisted by Antonio Ricciulli, Bishop emeritus of Belcastro and Vicegerent of Rome, and Benedetto Landi, Bishop of Fossombrone.

LUIGI CAETANI, Titular Patriarch of Antioch was consecrated 12 June 1622 in the Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore, Rome, by Lodovico Cardinal Ludovisi, Archbishop of Bologna, assisted by Galeazzo Sanvitale, Archbishop emeritus of Bari and Vulpiano Volpi, Archbishop emeritus of Chieti.

LODOVICO LUDOVISI, Cardinal Archbishop of Bologna was consecrated 2 May 1621 in the private chapel of his consecrator, near Saint Peter's Basilica, Rome, by Galeazzo Sanvitale, Archbishop emeritus of Bari and Prefect of the Apostolic Palace, assisted by Cosmo de Torres, Titular Archbishop of Hadrianopolis and Ottavio Ridolfi, Bishop of Ariano.

GALEAZZO SANVITALE, Archbishop of Bari was consecrated 4 April 1604 in the chapel of the Apostolic Sacristy, Rome, by Girolamo Cardinal Bernerio, O.P., Bishop of Albano, assisted by Claudio Rangoni, Bishop of Piacenza and Giovanni Ambrogio Caccia, Bishop of Castro di Toscana.

GIROLAMO BERNERIO, O.P., Bishop of Ascoli Piceno was consecrated 7 September 1586 in the Basilica of the Twelve Holy Apostles, Rome, by Giulio Antonio Cardinal Santoro, assisted by Giulio Masetti, Bishop of Reggio Emilia and Ottaviano Paravicini, Bishop of Alessandria.

GIULIO ANTONIO SANTORO, Archbishop of Santa Severina was consecrated 12 March 1566 in the Pauline Chapel of the Vatican Apostolic Palace by Scipione Cardinal Rebiba, Titular Patriarch of Constantinople, assisted by Annibale Caracciolo, Bishop of Isola and Giacomo de'Giacomelli, Bishop emeritus of Belcastro.

SSCIPIONE REBIBA, Titular Bishop of Amicle and Auxiliary Bishop of Chieti. Elected Titular Bishop of Amicle and Auxiliary to Gian Pietro Cardinal Carafa, Archbishop of Chieti, 16 March 1541. To date, after extensive research, no formal record of his consecration has been found. Scipione Cardinal Rebiba is the source point for the episcopal lineage of a large percentage of bishops with roots in the Catholic lineage, including the Roman Catholic Church. It is widely believed that Rebiba was ordained bishop by Gian Pietro Cardinal Carafa, who became Pope Paul IV. However, no documentary evidence has been found to verify this hypothesis.